NEW YORK –– Three of New York City’s boroughs – Queens, Brooklyn and The Bronx, in that order – led the City and all New York State counties in numerical population growth over the last year, according to figures released by the U.S. Census Bureau.
As a result, the city’s population grew by 55,000, reaching a record high of 8,550,405, with the three boroughs accounting for 84 percent of this growth. The Bronx grew by nearly one percent, the highest rate of growth in the State of New York.
Over the last five years, Brooklyn led in population growth, followed by the Bronx, Queens, Manhattan and Staten Island – as the chart below indicates. The City’s population increased by 375,000 residents or about 4.6 percent during this period, based on estimates of the population as of July, 2015. The city has not experienced such a robust rate of growth since the 1920s. The increase is fueled by a continued surplus of births over deaths, people continuing to move to the city and a decline in the number of people leaving the city.
“The sustained population growth of our city is proof that New Yorkers not only want to remain at home, but that people are moving from all over to work and raise a family in the greatest city in the world,” said Mayor Bill de Blasio. “The long-term prosperity of New York City hinges on our ability to keep pace with the housing and infrastructure demands of an ever-growing population throughout the five boroughs. Our progressive affordable housing plan, coupled with key transportation investments like the Brooklyn Queens Connector and Citywide Ferry Service, will ensure that our city is affordable, equitable and efficient for decades to come.”
In 2015, Queens grew by 16,700 compared to 16,015 in Brooklyn and 13,687 in the Bronx. Manhattan and Staten Island followed with 7,552 and 1,257 additional people respectively.
Each of the City’s five boroughs registered gains in population in the post-2010 period. Brooklyn saw the largest increase, up 5.3 percent or 132,000 persons, followed by the Bronx (5.1 percent or 70,300 persons), Queens (4.9 percent or 108,400 persons), and Manhattan (3.7 percent or 58,600 persons). Staten Island (1.2 percent or 5,800 persons) showed the smallest gains over the 63 month period. The increase for the Bronx brings it close to its historical high, achieved in 1970, when the population of the borough was 1.472 million.
“This is in many respects, the best of times. The City is at an all-time high in population and it’s at an all-time high in jobs. It’s one of the drivers that makes the housing program so important,” said New York City Planning Commission Chair Carl Weisbrod. “We’ve always been an extraordinarily welcoming city of people from all over the world and from all over the United States, but we also recognize the need to house our next generation and our growing senior population.”
Since 2010, New York City has been responsible for 90 percent of the growth in New York State, with its relative share of the State’s population rising from 42.2 percent to 43.2 percent in 2015.
The data show that “net migration” to the city was positive for the 2010-2015 period, meaning that more people are coming to New York City than leaving it. The city gains almost 50,000 people through migration, with net losses through domestic migration more than offset by net inflows of international migrants. These sustained net inflows have not been experienced by the city for over a half-century. Queens and Manhattan showed the largest gains through migration, while Staten Island actually showed a modest loss through migration over the period.
The Census Bureau’s estimates are prepared using a combination of administrative records from vital statistics, tax returns, and Medicare, along with data from the American Community Survey.